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Physical Therapy.

Improving Movement and Much More


Professional physical therapy is a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialty that remediates impairments and provides mobility, function and quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis and physical intervention. Specific exercises, manual therapy, mechanical devices and physical agent modalities are used. There are many sub-specialists within physical therapy (PT).

Physical Therapy Specialists

At GSC Therapy Services, our PT staff provides services at our outpatient physical therapy clinics and at assisted living communities. Physical therapists treat conditions such as back pain, any joint or muscle injury, sports injuries, work injuries, foot and ankle injuries and neurological conditions such as CVA, MS, Parkinson’s.


Outpatient Physical Therapy Clinic Goals

Our goals consist of both short-term treatments to relieve pain and restore function and longer term goals including walking, return to sports or pro-sports physical therapy, strengthening and general function.

physical therapy secondary

Unknown to most, physical therapy, especially outpatient physical therapy, is one of the most vital and essential branches of medicine.


People usually see it as merely connected to sports or in regards to rehabilitating injured individuals. But basically, what is Physical Therapy? Let’s get an in depth look at Physical Therapy, its different branches and its huge contribution in the field of medicine.

Overview of Physical Therapy

Physical therapy or otherwise known as Physiotherapy, aim to rehabilitate or treat several illnesses or injuries that hinder a person from moving freely or perform functional activities in their lives.

Professionals in this field are referred to as Physical therapists (PT) or Rehabilitative Scientists. PTs basically look into a patient’s health history as well as do essential examinations to come up with a diagnosis and eventually generate a management plan to help treat the patient’s condition. Oftentimes integrating their examinations with results from laboratory examinations and radiologic tests, PTs produce an accurate diagnosis of the patient’s state of health.

The management plan usually includes administering of manual therapy and manipulation as well as aiding in the performance of vital exercises or workout routines. PTs also employ the principle and function of heat, sound waves, radiation, electricity, prostheses, orthoses to help normalize or treat specific injuries from patients.

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PTs make use of a holistic approach when it comes to preventing loss of mobility or reversing damage of injuries by administering fitness and wellness-oriented programs to lead patients to live a healthier and more active lifestyle. With this, even after treatment, patients can maintain a good routine that will allow them to get the best of their functional movement throughout their life. In physical therapy, especially outpatient physical therapy, functional movement is of their utmost concern. Without free movement and with only limited mobility, an individual is not considered healthy.

In addition to rehabilitative health, outpatient physical therapy also deals with non-patient roles such as health policy, health care administration and even health insurance. The scope of physical therapy even encompasses that of the medical-legal field wherein it contributes in the assessment of cases by the performance of medical examinations.

Specialty areas of Physical Therapy

As mentioned, the scope of physical therapy is huge. Because of this, a lot of sub branches exist in the field of physical therapy. According to American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, there are nine known specialties in Physical Therapy.

Physical therapists in each specialty area undergo intensive training from accredited organizations and schools. The training usually lasts to a total of 2,000 hours of lecture and actual hands on training. The following that will be mentioned are the approved specialty areas of Physical therapy.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Physiotherapy

As mentioned, the scope of physical therapy is huge. Because of this, a lot of sub branches exist in the field of physical therapy.  According to American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties, there are nine known specialties in Physical Therapy.

Physical therapists in each specialty area undergo intensive training from accredited organizations and schools. The training usually lasts to a total of 2,000 hours of lecture and actual hands on training. The following that will be mentioned are the approved specialty areas of Physical therapy.

Clinical Electrophysiology

This highly specialized area of Physical therapy aims to evaluate electrotherapy or physical agents and also includes wound management


Another specialized field of Physical Therapy is Geriatrics which is focused on issues concerning conditions or diseases that may arise as a person ages. Patients in this field are usually aged 60 years and above.

The usual conditions that benefit from this specialized area are arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, bone displacement issues, balance disorders and even Alzheimer’s disease. Physical therapists in this field perform or administer specialized management plans for ageing individuals.


Integumentary physical therapy is concerned with the treatment of conditions or disorders that affect the skin as well as connecting organs. Patients who rush in this department are usually those who suffer from intense wounds and burns.

In here, physical therapists make use of surgical equipment, wound irrigations, dressings and ointments or topical agents to give remedy to damaged skin in order to promote faster tissue healing. Aside from these mentioned, they also perform a variety of interventions including assigning workout routines, controlling edema as well as splinting. These procedures are also the same ones done by doctors and nurses in the emergency room, whenever they receive patients with burns and wounds.


The Neurological area is one of the most complex fields of Physical therapy. It is concerned with treating patients with neurological conditions such as stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Charcot-Marie Tooth disease, ALS, brain injury, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease and several more.

Without urgent intervention, patients with these disorders may suffer from complications such as loss of balance, vision, movement and functional independence. The procedure and techniques involved in this field are very complex and need months of intense specialized training.


Physical therapists in the field of Orthopedics help diagnose and administer procedures and techniques that help treat disorders that typically affect the muscoskeletal system. This department also deals with patients who have undergone orthopaedic surgery.

Patients who suffer from acute trauma such as sprains, strains, muscle injuries, fractures, back and neck pain, arthritis, bursitis and inborn deformities like scoliosis are able to benefit from procedures from this specialized area. In most hospitals or establishments, the Orthopedic department is usually situated in out patient areas.

Procedures under this area include joint and spine mobilization, dry needling, therapeutic massages and exercises, muscle re-education, hot or cold packs administering, as well as employ the use of EMS or electrical muscle stimulation. These techniques and procedures help speed up the recovery of orthopaedic injuries and disorders. In most cases, this area incorporates the use of sonography to help make accurate assessments and diagnoses.


Physical therapists in the pediatric area are tasked to assist in the diagnosis of conditions and health problems of the pediatric population and eventually come up with techniques and management plans to treat these conditions.

This specialized area focuses on evaluation, treatment and management of infants, toddlers and adolescents. The diseases in the scope of this area can range from congenital to skeletal or neuromuscular disorders. The remedies usually center on improving overall motor and functional skills, balance, motor coordination, strength and stability as well as mental health.


This specialized area of outpatient physical therapy is one of the most common. Physical therapists in this field are tasked to focus on the health and well being of athletes. In some cases, athletes can hire their own therapist for sports performance training while others frequently visit the hospital to have their problematic areas checked. This specialized area encompasses management of athletes’ injuries in 5 categories.

Acute care is concerned with the evaluation and assessment of an acute or sudden injury. Treatment is focused on the application of specialist procedures and techniques that help alleviate pain and hasten healing. Rehabilitation aims to aid in the progressive healing of injuries to help athletes retain back to normal functioning and therefore return to their respective sports. Prevention is concerned with the identification of problems or situations that elicit injury to problematic areas of the athlete. Education is one of the most important aspect of Sport Physical Therapy as it helps educate athletes about the proper management of their injuries thereby reducing the possibility of a recurring injury. This aspect also allows Physical therapists impart knowledge about the importance of correct functional management.

Physical therapists who work under this specialized area have attained a certification that allows them to work with professional teams or athletes across the globe.

Community Physiotherapy

Physical therapists in this specialized field act as public servants in a way that they educate and provide the community with the basic skills and knowledge about managing common acute and chronic diseases that impair movement and normal functional independence.

They achieve this through administering public gatherings and health teachings and also coordinate with local officials that have a huge role in promoting positive and good well being among residents.

Women’s Health

Another specialized field of Outpatient Physical Therapy is on Women’s Health. This area deals with women’s issues in relation to the female reproductive system, child birth and even post partum.

Conditions that may benefit the use of physiotherapy include lymphedema, pelvic pain, osteoporosis, post partum periods, menopausal periods and also urinary incontinence. Most women who acquire the help of physiotherapy are those who suffer from pelvic floor disorders. In addition, physiotherapy has been proven to help increase possibility of conception among women who have problems with infertility.

Palliative Care

Physical therapy in the field of palliative care is continuously progressing and developing as a specialty both in benign and malignant cases. Rehabilitation in both cases reveal that physical therapy has become an essential part in the aid of diagnosis and administration of new and effective treatment that actually increases an individual’s life span.

Through outpatient physical therapy, individuals can benefit with promotion of a better quality of life as well as function with only a minimal amount of dependency from other people.

If you are suffering from back and neck pain or are trying to recover from a recent surgery, it is advisable that you seek help from a physical therapist.

Free Screening

Let GSC Therapy create a customized treatment plan, refer you to a physician that can address your concerns or develop a home exercise program. We will give you professional recommendations tailored to your unique issues and goals.